No items found.

Learn about the components of standard reflux apparatus. Practise setting up the apparatus safely and performing the reflux.

Learning Outcomes

  • Familiarise yourself with the basic principles of reflux
  • Understand how to set up and safely operate reflux equipment
  • Understand the use of boiling chips and the level of heat supplied
No items found.


Using Instruments and Equipment

  • What equipment is required to perform a reflux experiment 
  • Why a flow of water through the condenser is required for effective cooling 
  • How the direction of water flow affects the cooling process

Working in a Safe Manner

  • Why the connections between components of the apparatus must be secured
  • Why it is important to not overfill the reaction flask or overheat the solution 
  • Why the system must remain open 
  • Why boiling chips are required

Learn more about our approach to skills
Dr. Ciorsdaidh Watts
University of Glasgow

“We have noted how quickly students got started initially, and how much extra time they had in the lab to concentrate on techniques and safety.”



Pharmacological Science
Forensic Science


Preparative Chemistry



Purchase option

Chemistry LabSim Library

Related products

What are LabSims?

Our virtual lab simulations enhance student learning by building confidence in practical skills.
  • Enhance student skills and accelerate learning with multiple opportunities to practise
  • Boost confidence and competency with enhanced support and personalised feedback
  • Engage and motivate with enjoyable, challenging learning experiences
LabSim product page

What are Smart Worksheets?

Online, autograded assessment tool for advanced data analysis and calculation practice
  • Improve the student experience of assessment with immediate, targeted feedback
  • Save academic time by minimising repetitive marking for staff
  • Gain immediate insight into student progress with individual performance data
Smart Worksheets product page

Integrate with your LMS

Our products integrate with all major learning platforms, including Canvas, Blackboard, Moodle, Sakai and Brightspace or without any LMS using our LearnSci Direct Platform.
Learn more about LearnSci Direct.

See how our resources can enhance your student experiences

  • Try our resources for free
  • Get a live demonstration of our products
  • Become a partner and join our community
  • Talk to our team of experts
Request a demo
Image of a smiling student with a microscope